21st-Century Socialism and the Four Components of Sustainability

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"Socialism’s survival strategy for the 21st century must place the highest priority on achieving sustainability. Sustainable socialism has four aspects: political, economic, cultural, and environmental. The characteristics of the four components are defined and the relationship between socialism and sustainability is explored. It is argued that five successful policies should be followed to achieve sustainable socialism. Threats to the five successful policies, and how to
deal with them, are discussed. The relationship between sustainable socialism and the dictatorship of the proletariat is also explored. Since the concept of the four components of sustainability complements Marx’s enumeration of the Four Alls, it is clear that sustainable socialism and proletarian dictatorship are compatible. Sustainable socialism must be constructed on the basis of proletarian democracy guided by a communist party that works diligently to preserve the
socialist orientation of development while resisting calls for the adoption of bourgeois democracy and private capitalism."
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)290-304
Number of pages15
JournalWorld Review of Political Economy
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2010


  • sustainable socialism
  • survival of socialism
  • sustainable development
  • sustainable


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