Wadi'h Halabi, Richard Levins

Результат исследований: Articleрецензирование


"After a socialist revolution, scientific development of agricultural productivity is one of the new state’s most important yet difficult tasks. Obstacles include poverty and the opposition between city and countryside inherited from capitalism. The land reform so essential for the revolution’s victory creates millions of small landholdings which are ultimately incompatible with environmentally and socially sustainable development. Scientific development of agriculture requires social planning based on ecological principles and primarily non-exploitative organizational forms and relations. Ecological principles require
that land use be a mosaic that includes forest, pasture as well as field crops. A poor peasant household cannot afford to devote half its holdings to forest or to grow less profitable crops for the benefit of neighbors. Ecological principles will also be violated if land can be bought, sold and diverted to non-agricultural uses without planning. Where individual holdings prevail, state-supported cooperatives can open the path to scientific development. Starting with cooperative purchasing, followed by cooperative credit and then selling, these sequential steps, each voluntary, can facilitate the transition from individual farming
to cooperative production. As in all spheres, the contending social, economic, and environmental forces shaping agriculture are all ultimately global. The fundamental interests of the two global classes are profoundly opposed. Workers’ parties and unions in capitalist countries have the same interests as the states
formed by socialist revolutions in scientific development."
Язык оригиналаEnglish
Страницы (с-по)305-314
Число страниц10
ЖурналWorld Review of Political Economy
Номер выпуска2
СостояниеPublished - 2010


Подробные сведения о темах исследования «"SCIENTIFIC DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY AFTER A SOCIALIST REVOLUTION"». Вместе они формируют уникальный семантический отпечаток (fingerprint).